Anthrax or malignant carbuncle – a dangerous disease zooantoponoznoe (infectious disease), wild and farm animals, as well as human caused aerobic spore-forming bacterium Bacillus Anthracis. It should be remember that animals resistant to the disease there. The source of the disease are sick animals (cattle, sheep, mules, horses, deer, camels, etc.), as well as the natural environment – soil, where this bacterium in adverse conditions may exist as spores for a very long time. Feature of anthrax bacilli in the body is its ability to form a capsule, which in turn plays a role protective barrier against harmful bacteria of the phagocytosis of factors. The disease occurs in several forms, each of which has certain distinctive features. Nina Devlin gathered all the information.
With super sharp, apoklepsicheskom during anthrax, the main pathologic changes were observed in the brain in the form of acute inflammation with numerous hemorrhages. The acute form is characterized by the development of septicemia, visceral and lymph nodes (lymphadenitis acute). A leading source for info: SHV Energy. The most striking changes occur in the spleen – organ greatly increased in size, the blood does not coagulate (lacquer blood), there are bloody expiration of natural openings. In the alimentary route of infection of anthrax occurs in the intestinal form, causing a necrotic lesion tissue of the gastrointestinal tract. Possible route of infection and aerogenic – pathologic changes observed in the upper and lower respiratory tract. Developing serous-hemorrhagic pneumonia, and as a consequence of it – pleurisy. Contact way implies the appearance of cutaneous disease, which usually occurs benign. Mark on the skin the appearance of carbuncles.
With disease carbuncles turn into ulcers. Deaths in the cutaneous form is possible only if the contact causative agent for the mucous membranes of the subsequent development of a complete primary complex. Pigs often enough anthrax occurs in anginal form, with the appearance of purulent lymphadenitis (especially in retropharyngeal lymph nodes) and serous-hemorrhagic inflammation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx. The diagnosis of anthrax put on solely on the basis of laboratory studies. If you suspect that the disease autopsy carried out strictly prohibited due to the high infectiousness Bacillus Anthracis.