Certified credits of Carbonoso that authorize the right of poluir. The regulating agencies of proteoambiental emit certified authorizeing emissions of tons of poluentesna atmosphere, however, industries that more poluem in the Country and to apartir are selected from there are established goals for the reduction of its emissions. Them credits empresasrecebem that enter in negotiation in the ratio of its responsibilities. All the bonds, quoted in dollar, are equivalent to a ton of pollutants. Quemno fulfills the goals of gradual reduction established by law, has to quecomprar certified of the companies who had reached its toxic objectives of reduction degases.
The system has the advantage to allow that each company estabeleaseu proper rhythm of adequacy to the environmental laws. These certificates can sercomercializados through the Merchandise and Stock exchange. It has some empresasespecializadas in the development of projects that reduce the level of gscarbnico in the atmosphere and in negotiation of certifyd of emission of the gsespalhadas ones for the world if preparing to vender quotas of the countries menospoluidores (generally underdeveloped and in development), quepoluem for them more. At last, they are prepared to negotiate contracts of decertificados purchase and sales that confer to the developed countries the right of poluir. The creation of market mechanisms that value the natural resources is umaextraordinria innovation whose first example gave in U.S.A.
with the emendation de1990 to the Clean Air of 1970. Because of this Emendation of 1990, that it created the cotascomercializveis of pollution in the regional aerial basins of U.S.A., the pollution to donate diminished in one measured of 40% in U.S.A. between 1991 and 1998. You vary initiatives the same, following principle, are in process of being adopted in some countries einternacionalmente. The volumes of the Carbon Market have the most varied estimates of, and in maiorparte of the substances published for the press the indices do not beat. Each fonteindica different data, goes since U$ 500 million until US$ 80 billions per year – the analysts of investments consider the volume esteem for the especialistasinsignificante, compared with some sectors that turn volumes equivalents numms. What it can have is one strong demand for industrialized countries and future umaexpectativa of that this market comes to be one ‘ ‘ great negcio’ ‘ , umafonte of investments, the strict financista point of view. In this in case that, the position of Brazil is strategical, in function of a series of consideraes quefaremos ahead.